Startup Financing: Overview of Preferred Stock

Early Growth Financial Services

Today, we’re tackling participating versus non-participating preferred stock, a fundamental economic term in VC deals that goes to the heart of the business agreement between investors and management in connection with a sale of the company. This post by Ian Engstrand first appeared on Founders Workbench. From time to time on Founders Workbench we give a brief primer on common terms and issues in venture financings.

Conventional Convertible Preferred vs Participating Preferred Stock

Recent Buzzes - VC Experts, Inc.

What is the difference between Conventional Convertible Preferred (non-Participating Preferred) and Participating Preferred Stock ? How do these effect the outcome for investors when a non-IPO exit is about to happen? See for yourself in these simple examples

Common Stock vs. Preferred Stock in Venture Funding Transactions

Growthink Blog

The question is whether they need to issue common or preferred stock. The answer depends on how and what rights are defined in the preferred stock. This is an extremely valuable preference that can best be shown by example.

7 Investor Term Sheet Demands Startups Need Not Fear

Startup Professionals Musings

For later investments, the price is equity, with a percentage of the owner stock to be assigned to the investor. Type of stock assigned to the investor. Investors typically demand preferred stock, to give themselves certain voting and liquidation privileges over later shareholders.

Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Convertible Note Seed Financings (But Were Afraid To Ask) – Part 1

Scott Edward Walker

ii) why are convertible notes issued instead of shares of common or preferred stock? In the context of a seed financing, the debt typically automatically converts into shares of preferred stock upon the closing of a Series A round of financing.

X Does Not Always Equal X

The Startup Lawyer

The deal documents called the preferred stock “Series Seed&# shares but after opening up the documents I quickly realized the deal terms were NOT the same as those in the well-known Series Seed document set. For example, the well-known Series Seed has a 1x non-participating liquidation preference , while the version I reviewed had a 1x participating preference. Preferred Stock

Model Series Seed Docs

The Startup Lawyer

The board is set up to consist of 3 directors: 1 director elected by the common (founders); 1 directors elected by the preferred (investors); 1 “independent&# director (i.e., 2) Series Seed Stock Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement. Tags: Preferred Stock documents lawyer seed funding

Founder Liquidity

K9 Ventures

If there is one piece of advice I would give to the founders of BST, it is to consider selling a part of their personal stock in the company at that stage. If things go well, and your company succeeds beyond your wildest dreams, it will end up being the most expensive house ever (because you could have held your stock and made a lot more on it). 3) Setting a precedent for the price of the Common Stock : This is the biggest issue with founder liquidity.

Founder Liquidity

K9 Ventures

If there is one piece of advice I would give to the founders of BST, it is to consider selling a part of their personal stock in the company at that stage. If things go well, and your company succeeds beyond your wildest dreams, it will end up being the most expensive house ever (because you could have held your stock and made a lot more on it). 3) Setting a precedent for the price of the Common Stock : This is the biggest issue with founder liquidity.

Venture Capital Term Sheets – Redemption Rights

Scott Edward Walker

Here are the issues I have addressed to date: common mistakes dealing with VC’s valuation liquidation preferences stock options exploding term sheets and no-shop provisions anti-dilution provisions dividends Board control protective provisions drag-along provisions pay-to-play and pull-up provisions conversion rights In today’s post, I examine the redemption rights of investors.

Series Seed Documents for Early Stage Startups – V2

VC Cafe

Fred Wilson , Paul Graham and Seth Levine all agree that as an entrepreneur one would prefer uncapped convertible debt to equity, but investors typically won’t go for it. Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement Series Seed Form SPA. B ack in March, Andreessen Horowitz and Fenwick & West, LLP published a series of documents that would help structure early stage investments in startups.

Model Series Seed Docs

The Startup Lawyer

The board is set up to consist of 3 directors: 1 director elected by the common (founders); 1 directors elected by the preferred (investors); 1 “independent&# director (i.e., 2) Series Seed Stock Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement. Tags: Preferred Stock documents lawyer seed funding

Model Seed Funding Doc Myths

The Startup Lawyer

A variety of model startup seed funding docs have been released in the past year or so: TechStars Series AA Preferred , YCombinator Series AA Preferred , and TheFunded Founder Institute’s Plain Preferred. For example, a founder stock purchase agreement is 12+ pages long because founders can, have, and will fail and/or bail on startups (hence the vesting schedule & startup repurchase option).

Model Seed Funding Doc Myths

The Startup Lawyer

A variety of model startup seed funding docs have been released in the past year or so: TechStars Series AA Preferred , YCombinator Series AA Preferred , and TheFunded Founder Institute’s Plain Preferred. For example, a founder stock purchase agreement is 12+ pages long because founders can, have, and will fail and/or bail on startups (hence the vesting schedule & startup repurchase option).

What happens when a company is acquired for less money than it raised in funding?

Gust

In some other cases, all Preferred investors are treated pari passeux , so steps 5/6 and 7/8 below would be combined into one.). 5) Senior Preferred Stock and warrants. 6) Any preference multiple on (5). 7) Junior Preferred Stock and warrants.

Model Cap Table

ithacaVC

The model includes a simple waterfall analysis using both participating and non-participating preferred (see line 44 and then columns M and O). The larger the preferred stock liquidation preference the larger the impact of participating preferred. Columns I and J are important as they show the % of preferred stock ownership compared only to preferred stock outstanding.

Is convertible debt with a price cap really the best financing structure?

Startup Company Lawyer

Convertible debt with a price cap seems to be the preferred structure for early-stage financings. A logical alternative to convertible debt is a priced Series A preferred stock financing. Mark Suster does a good job analyzing whether convertible debt is preferable to equity , and concludes that convertible debt is better. Convertible debt with a price cap preserves the investor’s “equity&# ownership, but gives the investor extra liquidation preference.

8 Ways To Nurture New Venture Stock Into A Goldmine

Startup Professionals Musings

I’ll never forget that great sense of excitement I felt when I incorporated my first business, and realized that I was now the proud owner of 10 million shares of common stock. Unfortunately, in my years since as a small business advisor, I have seen too many founders squander this asset through a lack of understanding of some basic legal and operational issues, or by handing out nominally “free” stock to the wrong people at the wrong time.

Stock 81

Convertible Debt – Other Terms

Ask The VC

Liquidation Preferences : Every now and then you’ll see a liquidation preference in a convertible debt deal. It works the same as it does in a preferred stock deal – the investors get their money back first, or a multiple of their money back first, before any proceeds are distributed to anyone else. Convertible Debt convertible debt interest rate liquidation preferences pro-rata rights

Understanding Liquidation Preferences

VC Deal Lawyer

A liquidation preference is exactly what it sounds like, priority treatment for certain stockholders upon the liquidation, sale, merger, IPO or dissolution of a company. It is a typical Series Preferred Stock right in venture financing transactions. The current financing market, as well as the structure of your prior Series Preferred rounds, will drive the type of liquidation preference you can negotiate for yourself. Liquidation Preference Per Share. . .

Learning all about Convertible Note Seed Financing

Business Plan Blog

In the context of a seed financing, the debt typically automatically converts into shares of preferred stock upon the closing of a Series A round of financing.” In layman’s terms, investors will give money to a startup but instead of getting money back, they get preferred stock in return. ii) why are convertible notes issued instead of shares of common or preferred stock?

Convertible Debt – Warrants

Ask The VC

There are numerous different ways to calculate this, such as: $20,000 worth of common stock at the last value ascribed to either the common or preferred stock; $20,000 worth of the last round of preferred stock at that’s rounds price of the stock; or. 20,000 worth of the next round of preferred stock at whatever price that happens to be.

Convertible Debt – Early Versus Late Stage Dynamics

Ask The VC

In these cases, one saw terms like liquidations preferences and in some cases changes to board and / or voting control come into play. Given the traditional complexity and cost of legal fees associated with preferred stock financings, however, convertible debt became a common way to make seed stage investments as it tended to be simpler and less expensive from a legal perspective. Once again we continue our series on convertible debt deals.

Knowledge Is Power: Convertible Note Financing Terms, Part II

Gust

Mandatory Conversion : The Notes and any accrued interest will be converted into the Company’s next issued series of preferred stock resulting in new money of not less than $1,000,000 (an “ Eligible Financing ”) at a discount to the per-share price of such preferred shares of 25% (the “ Conversion Price ” ). per share for 2,000,000 shares of newly issued Series A Preferred Stock.

4 Things Every Founder Should Know About Convertible Equity

Early Growth Financial Services

In short, convertible equity is a form of financing that gives investors the right to preferred stock once a triggering event occurs. Lately I‘ve been getting more and more questions about convertible equity: “What is it?” and “Should I use it?” So I figured now’s the right time to answer a few questions and fill in some blanks. So what’s that mean? First some background… Convertible debt Convertible debt is a common feature of startup seed rounds, used in more than ?

Why Uber is The Revenge of the Founders

Steve Blank

To turn your company’s stock into cash, you engaged a top-notch investment bank (Morgan Stanley, Goldman Sachs) and/or their Silicon Valley compatriots (Hambrecht & Quist, Montgomery Securities, Robertson Stephens). None of this was law, and nothing in writing required this; this was just how these firms did business to protect their large institutional customers who would buy the stock. Founders can now outvote the preferred stock holders (the investors).

Knowledge Is Power: Convertible Note Financing Terms, Part I

Gust

For a traditional VC financing round structured as a sale of preferred stock, the best resources I can recommend are the Term Sheet Series by Brad Feld and Jason Mendelson and Startup Company Lawyer by Yokum Taku. A term sheet for a convertible note deal may run two or three pages, versus 8-10 pages for a typical Series A Preferred Stock financing. (I’ve

Price-based antidilution protection

VC Ready Blog

Price-based antidilution protection of some sort is a characteristic of most preferred stock and operates by increasing the number of shares of common stock into which a share of preferred stock converts (i.e. Weighted average antidilution reduces the conversion price of outstanding preferred stock in a proportionate manner taking into account both the number of shares being issued and the price per share.

Price-based antidilution protection

VC Ready Blog

Price-based antidilution protection of some sort is a characteristic of most preferred stock and operates by increasing the number of shares of common stock into which a share of preferred stock converts (i.e. Weighted average antidilution reduces the conversion price of outstanding preferred stock in a proportionate manner taking into account both the number of shares being issued and the price per share.

Price-based antidilution protection

VC Ready Blog

Price-based antidilution protection of some sort is a characteristic of most preferred stock and operates by increasing the number of shares of common stock into which a share of preferred stock converts (i.e. Weighted average antidilution reduces the conversion price of outstanding preferred stock in a proportionate manner taking into account both the number of shares being issued and the price per share.

Venture Capital Term Sheets: Conversion Rights

Scott Edward Walker

Here are the issues I have addressed to date: common mistakes dealing with VC’s valuation liquidation preferences stock options exploding term sheets and no-shop provisions anti-dilution provisions dividends Board control protective provisions drag-along provisions pay-to-play and pull-up provisions In today’s post, I examine conversion rights of investors. As many of you know, VC investors are typically issued shares of preferred stock, not common stock.

What is convertible equity (or a convertible security)?

Startup Company Lawyer

Other folks, such as Mark Suster, have also written about whether convertible debt is preferable to equity. Fred Wilson has been openly critical of convertible debt , and prefers priced equity rounds. Manu Kumar has also indicated that he prefers priced equity rounds to convertible debt. ” As a result, Ted introduced the Series Seed preferred stock documents as an alternative to convertible debt for early stage investments.

O’Donnell: Live In The Problem

Ask The VC

Today’s runner up is Fred Wilson’s MBA Monday post on Financing Options: Preferred Stock. Our new motto over here at Ask the VC is “we read all the VC blog posts so you don’t have to.&# We’ll give you the best one of the day with a quick summary and – if there are runner ups, include them also. Of course, we are never entirely sure what day it is so these might be from yesterday, today, or even tomorrow when we are really ahead of our game.

The Convertible Note Discount Price Cap

The Startup Lawyer

For this article, let’s assume this equity is the Series A Preferred Stock purchased by a venture capital fund. compensate the angel for the early risk), the convertible promissory note will have an automatic conversion discount feature by which the angel investor will exchange the convertible debt for shares of the Series A Preferred Stock at a discount to the price per share paid by the venture capital fund at a Qualified Financing.

Creative Common Stock

ithacaVC

A cap table is a written record (in Excel, for example) of who owns stock in your company. It lists every owner out by amount owned, type of stock (common or preferred), and date purchased. One rule of simple cap tables is to issue “normal” stock to founders (common stock only) and investors (typically preferred stock, but sometimes common stock to early friends and family). I am a huge fan of simple cap tables.

New Survey from Fenwick & West Looks at Angel Funding Landscape

ReadWriteStart

The majority of financings was structured as preferred stock (69%), as opposed to convertible note financings (31%), and the vast majority of those (83%) had their conversion price capped. The median amount raised in preferred stock financings was $1.1

Legal Basics: Fully-Diluted Capital

VC Ready Blog

Fully-diluted capital expresses the entire capitalization of a company in terms of shares of the company’s common stock by taking the shares of common stock already issued and outstanding and adding shares of common stock that may be issued upon (a) conversion of any convertible securities (such as convertible preferred stock) or (b) exercise of any rights to acquire common stock underlying options, warrants or other derivative securities.

Term sheet review

Will Price

Subjects covered include: liquidation preferences, stock vesting, conversion ratios, redemption rights, and other material elements of most vc firms term sheets. Brad Feld and the Mobius team put together a very insightful set of posts on term sheets. For entrepreneurs looking to raise money for the first time, I highly suggest reading the posts.

Answering the question “What do I need to know about investing in a startup?”

ithacaVC

Typically will either be convertible debt or preferred stock (Series Seed or Series A). Once in a while I get the question “What do I need to know about investing in a startup?” ” The context is typically where Friend A has asked Friend B to invest in Friend A’s startup business. Then Friend B asks me the question. This happens multiple times a year. It is a fair question. And one that is hard to answer definitively.

Anatomy of a Term Sheet: Conversion and Anti-dilution

VC Ready Blog

In this post we look at when an investor’s preferred stock may or must convert to common stock, and how the conversion ratio may be adjusted in certain circumstances. Preferred stock typically converts to common stock either: (a) at the option of the stockholder (“Optional Conversion”); or. (b) The company prefers that the percentage required is not so high as to make obtaining approval burdensome.